Face Detection Door Lock

My project is a Face Detection Door Lock which uses OpenCV and Python to detect faces and open a door lock for people who are recognized.

Engineer

Suchit B

Area of Interest

Computer Science

School

Dougherty Valley High School

Grade

Incoming Senior

Second Milestone

For my second milestone, I focused on the creation of the door lock and integrated both together. In this milestone, I finished the lock mechanism and instead of creating a physical door lock, I implemented the same system into a lock box so I could use the same technology without having to make an actual door. I used an Arduino to complete this task and glued a servo on the edge of the box to act as a stopper to lock the box. Some potential modification I have would be to use PhotoBooth to take pictures for the algorithm to detect. By doing so, I could eliminate the use of external photos to accomplish this task.

First Milestone

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For my first milestone, I got the program to detect faces to work. The program works by training itself on pictures of the person. After training itself on pictures of multiple people, it takes in test photos and determines whose face is in the picture based on the prior data. The algorithm is called Local Binary Pattern Histogram and works by looks at all the pixels in a photo and compares them to pixels around the selected pixel. After looking at the neighboring pixels, it determines which pixels have a higher RGB value and puts this info into a table. These values are all averaged out and put into a histogram. With this histogram, the program is able to look at the histograms compiled by the test data and determine whose face is in the picture by cross referencing the histogram created from the training data. One challenge I faced was putting OpenCV and Python on the same version. I did not realize this was the error that was not allowing the program to work until I looked through numerous Stack Overflow pages and updated versions. My next step is to integrate this same program on the Raspberry Pi and utilize the camera to take pictures.

Potential Algorithms

EigenFaces

Looks at multiple images of a person and determines significant features like eyes and nose. Good for detecting faces quickly but has less efficiency under different illumination.

Local Binary Pattern Histogram

Looks at all the pixels on the face and determines how it relates to pixels around it. Efficient because illumination does not matter, which is why I chose this algorithm to use.

Fischer Faces

Uses high level math to determine features of a person that distinguish that person from other people. Is faltered by different illumination as well.

Bill Of Materials

These are all the materials used in my project.

Starter Project: TV-B-Gone

My starter project is the TV B Gone kit that turns off TVs. The way the kit works is it mirrors the infrared signals used in TV remotes and sends the command to turn off the TV to the receiver. When the switch is pressed to send the signal, battery power gets transferred through the positive wire and goes to the IC chip. The IC chip then uses an algorithm to determine the infrared sequence to turn off the TV by running through the most popular signals used in every country and sends these electrical signals to the transistors which essentially amplify the signals to turn on the infrared LEDS. Some challenges I ran through were the orientation of the LEDs. The LEDs used to transmit the signals and to indicate whether the kit is working are polar, which means the orientation of the LED is crucial for the circuit to work. I found this out the hard way by soldering the LED the wrong way. I ultimately fixed it by resoldering it and changing the orientation of the LED.

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