Floor-Cleaning Robot

The Floor Cleaning Robot consists of 3 major parts. The chassis, the motors, and the internal hardware. The robot is built around an Arduino, as a Motor Driver and an Ultrasonic Sensor are wired to it.


Abir B.

Area of Interest

Computer Science/Mechanical Engineering


Homestead High School


Rising Junior

Going into BlueStamp, I had very little experience with engineering but a strong interest in the topic. I sought exposure to the different forms of engineering and creating my project at BlueStamp fulfilled that. The floor-cleaning robot required both hands-on work and coding. I faced many challenges, as it was all new to me. However, after researching and learning, wiring circuits and writing code became satisfying, as I used my curiosity to make things function. I was intrigued by how a simple function required such a complex assembly; whether it was physical or coded. My project has led me to develop stronger interests in those fields of engineering, as I hope to expand my curiosities through further classes, camps, and hobbies.

First Milestone

My First Milestone

My First Milestone for the Floor Cleaning Robot was to assemble the chassis and to completely wire the circuit. The circuit is built around an Arduino Uno, as several parts are intricately wired to it. For example, a Motor Driver is necessary in order to control the motors used to move the robot. Also, an Ultrasonic Sensor holds its place as a vital ingredient of the circuit. It acts as a set of eyes, as it measures distance with high accuracy and consistent readings.

Second Milestone

For my Second Milestone, I soldered the circuit (and mounted it to the chassis),  wrote the code, and tested the robot. In order for the circuit to be durable and functional, I had to solder the wires that went from the motor driver to the motors. After each solder, I used a multimeter to see if there was a connection between the 2 sources. The soldering process was challenging, as getting the perfect connection took various attempts. Once my circuit was fully complete, I wrote the code of the project. I essentially coded the ultrasonic sensor to trigger and send information to the robot if it detected an obstacle within 10 centimeters ahead of it. Specifically, I told the robot to make a right turn whenever it receives this information from the ultrasonic sensor. Also, the robot was coded to move forwards whenever something wasn’t in its way. My full code is shown in the picture to the left. Finally, I mounted my circuit onto the chassis and tested the robot. It turned out that the robot was successfully avoiding walls and making turns.

Third Milestone

Third Milestone

My Third Milestone consists of rearranging the circuit, upgrading the parts, and wiring a sound sensor. To create more space on the chassis, I removed the breadboard and rearranged the parts of the circuit. I mounted the ultrasonic sensor on the front of the robot so that it could still detect obstacles. The Arduino and motor driver were arranged in a less cramped fashion. Also, I upgraded the 4-battery pack to a 6-battery pack, greatly increasing the overall voltage. To clean the floor, I added a brush to the front of the robot. Additionally, as the start of a future modification, I wired a sound sensor to the Arduino. I will eventually code it to detect a hand clap and tell the motor driver to make a turn.

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Bluestamp Engineering